You are browsing the archive for archean.
14 September 2018
A trip back to Archean sedimentary rocks in Barberton, South Africa, reveals a few folds on the roadside…
5 June 2018
Cross-bedding isn’t just for modern sedimentary deposits; you can find it in truly ancient ash deposits too! Let’s head to South Africa and take a look.
2 November 2017
This morning on Twitter I was reminded of komatiites, those “extinct” ultramafic lavas that were relatively common eruptions during the Archean. I’ve actually got a good number of komatiite photos to share from my time last year in South Africa’s Barberton Greenstone Belt. But since time is short this morning, I’ll start with a short photo set of three images, all showing different aspects of how these ultramafic rocks weather …
25 May 2017
Deep in the Archean, things suddenly got violent in the deep water of the Mapepe Formation’s oceanic setting. What was a quiet precipitation of chert suddenly was torn apart and tumbled downslope. Was an earthquake to blame? A bolide impact? This is the result.
1 May 2017
Volcanic “hailstones” called accretionary lapilli rained down on South Africa 3 billion years ago, and have survived to be seen in the present day, along the R40 road through Barberton Mountain Land, near the Bulembu border crossing into Swaziland.
21 February 2017
A reader asks about the use of zircons in isotopic dating, and the argument for submerged continental crust beneath Mauritius.
2 February 2017
Banded iron formation is an “extinct rock” that can be found in ancient marine strata such as those found in the Barberton Greenstone Belt. Visit an outcrop on the Barberton GeoTrail and contemplate the bizarre anoxic world that Earth used to be.
18 November 2016
I tried something new this morning, and polled Twitter for their choice of Friday fold: Quick poll – What do you want for the Friday fold? 30 minutes to respond. — Callan Bentley (@callanbentley) November 18, 2016 As of the time of this posting, the first choice, “Lewisian gneiss @ Tarbet” won out with 7 / 10 votes. The people have spoken, and this time I like the result of …
28 October 2016
Have a look at this week’s Friday fold – but be aware that it will be looking back!
26 October 2016
Archean meteorite impact evidence from the Fig Tree Group in Barite Valley, Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa
What does the sedimentary record of a giant meteorite impact look like? Turns out it is full of tsunami breccia, fine ash, hail-like spherules, and a barium-rich ocean’s crystal precipitates. Join us in the Barberton Greenstone Belt of South Africa to learn more.