April 20, 2019

North Cascade 2019 Winter Accumulation Assessment

April 1 winter accumulation at the longer term North Cascade SNOTEL stations (Fish Lake, Lyman Lake, Park Creek, Rainy Pass, Stampede Pass and Stevens Pass). For North Cascade glaciers the accumulation season provides that layer of snow, that must then last through the melt season.  A thin layer sets the glaciers up for a mass balance loss, much like a bear with a limited fat layer would lose more mass …


April 15, 2019

Northern Patagonia Icefield High Equilibrium Line Altitude in 2019

Northern Patagonia Icefield Landsat view on 4/6/2019. Transient snowline indicated on individual glaciers with purple dots. Clockwise, L=Leones, So=Soler, N=Nef, Ca=Cachet, Co=Colonia,  PN=Pared Nord, PS=Pared Sur, H4=HPN4, St=Steffen, A=Acodado, B=Benito, H1=HPN1, Sq=San Quintin. The Northern Patagonia Icefield from 1987-2015 decreased in area, while debris cover area expanded and the size of proglacial lakes expanded (Glasser et al 2016).  The icefield area declined from 4113 to 3887 km2, debris cover increased …


April 9, 2019

Glaciers Retreat from Evighedsfjord, Greenland

Evighedsfjord (E) with glaciers terminating in the fjord in 2000 and 2018 Landsat images. Q=Qingua Kujatdleq is at the head of Evighedsfjord (Q), Tapa Glacier (1), Unnamed glaciers (2 and 3), and developing nunatak area (4) .  The red arrow is the 2000 terminus and the yellow arrow is the 2018 terminus.  Evighedsfjord (Kangerlussuatsiaq Fjord) in southwest Greenland has numerous glaciers that reach or did reach this 75 km long …


April 4, 2019

Norðurjökull Retreats from Hvítárvatn, Langjökull, Iceland

Norðurjökull in 1984 Landsat image and 2018 Sentinel image.  Red arrows indicate the margins of the glacier in 1984.  Purple dots indicate the snowline. Langjökull is the second largest icecap in Iceland with an area of 920 square kilometers (Jóhannesson (2009). One of the main outlet glaciers of Langjökull is the Norðurjökull which has terminated in Hvítárvatn. Hvítárvatn is a large lake that recieves 70% of its inflow from Langjökull …


April 1, 2019

Nakonake Glaciers, BC Retreat Two are Disappearing

Nakonake Glaciers in 1984 and 2018 Landsat images. Nakonake Glaciers are NW=Northwest, N=North, M=Middle, S=South, SE=Southeast.  Red arrows indicate the 1984 terminus position of the North and Middle Nakonake Glaciers.  Yellow arrows indicate the 2018 terminus location of each. Purple dots indicate the snowline and the pink arrow indicates locations of glacier separation. The Nakonake Glaciers are a group of unnamed glaciers at the headwaters of the Nakonake River in …


March 21, 2019

Nevado Ausangate Glaciers, Peru Retreat and Lake Formation

Digital Globe image of Ausangate Glaciers. Red arrows indicate 1995 terminus location and yellow dots the 2018 terminus location. Here we examine three Ausangate Glaciers, Peru descending south from the Nevado Ausangate group of peaks in the Cordillera Vilcanota.  A circumnavigation trek around Nevado Ausangate is a favorite for visitors to the Machu Picchu area. The glaciers are just west of Laguna Sibinacocha, and drain into the Rio Vilcanota.  Retreat …


March 18, 2019

Soranano Glacier, Peru Separation and Retreat 1995-2018

Western Soranano (WS) and Eastern Soranano Glacier (ES) in 1995 and 2000 Landsat images and 2018 Sentinel image, with red arrows indicating the terminus in 1995, and yellow arrows the 2018 terminus.  Here we examine the west and east Soranano Glacier glacier descending south from the 5800 m summit of Jatunnano (Hatun Nana Punta). The glaciers are just east of Laguna Sibinacocha, which drains into the Rio Vilcanota.  Retreat of …


March 11, 2019

Läntagletscher, Switzerland Separates From Rapidly Melting Terminus Lobe

Läntagletscher (L)  in 1990 Landsat image and 2018 Sentinel image.  Red arrow is the 1990 terminus location, yellow arrow 2018 terminus location, Zervreilasee (Z)  and Gufergletscher (G) Läntagletscher is in the Alps draining into the Zervreilasee and then the Rhone River.  Zervreila is a 22 MW hydropower facility, with a 150 m high arch dam . From 1990-2014 the glacier retreated at a steady rate of ~24 m/year.  The upper portion …


March 6, 2019

Lemon Creek Glacier 2018 Ablation and Glacier Runoff

Lemon Creek Glacier (L) with the snowline (black line) indicated in Landsat images from July 5, July 30 and Sept. 16 2018. P=Ptarmigan Glacier, T=Thomas Glacier, red arrow is the 1948 terminus location. A,B and C mark firn horizons exposed by the loss of all snowpack in the accumulation zone. The summer of 2018 was exceptional for warmth in Southeast Alaska.  July was the most unusual with Juneau recording daily …


March 1, 2019

Skilak Glacier, Alaska Retreat and Salmon Connection

Skilak Glacier in 1986 and Sept. 2018 Landsat images.  In 1986 icebergs and remnant glacier fill nearly the entire lake.  The snowline in 1986 is at 1200 m and is at 1300 m in 2018. Red arrow is the 1982 terminus location and yellow arrow is the 2018 terminus location. Point A and C are bedrock outcrops at around 1200 m that have expanded. Skilak Glacier is an outlet glacier on …