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16 August 2022

Kinked metavolcanics of the Castine Formation, eastern Maine

Callan shares a few outcrops from coastal Maine, part of the Avalonia terrane that accreted to ancestral North America during the Acadian Orogeny. They are volcaniclastic rocks, coarse and fine, and showing both overprinting kink bands and cross-cutting basaltic dikes.

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21 June 2022

Another example of overturned bedding

One of my favorite tricks is using bedding / cleavage intersections to identify tectonically inverted strata. On a field trip yesterday to check out soapstone quarries in the Albemarle/Nelson border region, I got to see this lovely example of Lynchburg Group metasediments that showcased a textbook example of the phenomenon: Bedding was initially horizontal, or close to it, and cleavage (formed under tectonic compression) initially vertical. Subsequent deformation rotated the …

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7 May 2021

Friday fold: Lynchburg Group

On his way to get his COVID vaccine, Callan visits a new outcrop showing folded and faulted strata of the Neoproterozoic Lynchburg Group.

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7 August 2020

Friday fold: syncline in Helderberg Group limestones

I went on a day of field work last week to Corridor H, West Virginia, to help make drone-based photogrammetric 3D models of the huge outcrops there. One site we stopped at is this beautiful V-shaped syncline in Devonian-aged Helderberg Group limestones. Click to enlarge Here are two layers traced out: Here is a GigaPan that Alan Pitts shot of this outcrop several years ago, when it was a bit …

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5 June 2020

Friday fold: Harbledown Island

Reader Christian Gronau writes with this Friday fold contribution: Greetings from Cortes Island, BC – at the opposite end of the Strait vis-a-vis Lopez Island. Your Mountain Beltway blog is always of interest, and I have been following it for several years by now. Thank you for putting the effort into this worthwhile website. Quite regularly your posts elicit “echoes” and make me go back to some of my own …

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29 May 2020

Friday fold: Lopez Island tension gashes

The Friday fold shows some sheared quartz-filled tension gashes in sandstones of one of the San Juan Islands in Puget Sound.

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8 May 2020

Friday fold: Wills Mountain Anticline

Eric Fulmer (who pitched in with last week’s Friday fold) returns this week with another treasure. He writes, I was in Hopeville, WV a couple of years ago. The entire area between Cabins and Hopeville is a real joy (geologically and recreationally) as some of the most resistant rocks of the Mid-Atlantic Appalachians are folded and exposed in quick succession and with great relief. I am particularly fond of seeing …

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27 March 2020

Friday fauxld: a false syncline in Titus Canyon

What day is it again? Hard to keep track in the days of raging coronavirus infections, but it is in fact Friday, which means that if you want a dose of the halcyon pre-COVID-19 days, you can enjoy this example of a false fold from Death Valley National Park’s Titus Canyon.

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31 January 2020

Friday fold: tension gashes near Sunflower, Arizona

Reader John Christian shared these folds with me via email last week. They are quartz veins in slightly metamorphosed Precambrian igneous rocks found near Sunflower, AZ in the Mazatzal Mountains. The second photo is a close-up shot of the curviest, cleanest batch of folds from the first shot. These are beautiful examples of folds in similarly oriented quartz veins; we call them “en echelon” for the way you have a …

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11 July 2019

A submarine slump complex at Sandy Cove, Newfoundland

Traveling in Newfoundland, Callan visits a seaside outcrop showing a Proterozoic submarine slump complex, overprinted by tectonic cleavage and weathered by the sea.

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3 May 2019

Friday fold: Monarch Canyon

When a dike is subjected to shear, how does it deform? A guest Friday fold from Darrel Cowan of the University of Washington teaches a nice little lesson. Join the field trip in Monarch Canyon of Death Valley National Park…

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25 January 2019

Friday folds: more Marli Miller

Four Friday folds from Marli Miller’s online photo archive of geological images.

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18 January 2019

Friday fold: Saluda Dam, South Carolina

Scott White (@SeafloorScott) of the University of South Carolina pitched in with today’s Friday fold: Click to enlarge This shows a section of high grade gneiss in the spillway of the Saluda Dam in Columbia, South Carolina. Zooming in there, you can see a nice fold hinge on the left edge: Although I don’t know the precise location of this outcrop, I did a bit of internet sleuthing… According to …

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21 November 2018

Brittle overprinting ductile in the South Mountains metamorphic core complex, Phoenix, Arizona

Today, we take a look at the structural geology that reveals the deformation evolution (first ductile, then brittle) of the South Mountains metamorphic core complex, south of Phoenix, Arizona. Expect lots of photos of smeared-out rocks, broken by faults.

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26 October 2018

Friday folds: Mather Gorge Formation

It’s been a very Billy-Goaty week for me. Three times since Sunday afternoon, I’ve taken people to the Billy Goat Trail’s “A” loop in C&O Canal National Historical Park. On Tuesday and Thursday, it was my NOVA Physical Geology students. On Sunday, though, it was just my son and me. Good news! He helped me discover a new fold by exploring some new rock outcrops and climbing on them. He …

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19 October 2018

Friday fold: the Brooks Range, Alaska

It’s Friday, thank goodness. Today our “Friday fold” feature heads north, way north, to the Brooks Range of Alaska. There we find a trio of mountainsides exposing folds photographed in the 1990s.

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11 October 2018

Q&A, episode 6

A reader asks about Callan’s source of inspiration, a fitting question given the advent of Earth Science Week, which this year has as its theme “The Earth as Inspiration.” Brace yourself for a tantalizing cavalcade of gorgeous images of patterns in rocks!

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28 September 2018

Friday fold: Big Cottonwood Fm., Slate Canyon, Utah

It’s Friday and that means it’s time for a fold. Today we head to Cottonwood Canyon, Utah, with reader Octavia Spencer, for a lovely antiform.

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11 September 2018

Drawing geological structures, by Jörn Kruhl

After blogging about geovisualization, reader James Safranek alerted me to this new book about two of my favorite things: drawing and structural geology! I requested a review copy from the publisher, who kindly provided one. It’s great! This is “a whole book” about drawing and geology and specifically structural geology. As such, it’s not going to be as pertinent to every reader as it was to me. But I found …

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7 September 2018

Friday folds: Continuing contorted Conestoga carbonates

The first Friday of September calls out for a fold. The Burle Business Park in Lancaster, Pennsylvania has an answer – several of them, in fact!

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