January 12, 2022
I recall the first week of the semester in my university-level science courses, and the first chapter in my introductory-level science textbooks… all involved an introduction to science and the scientific method, with the scientific method as a very linear process. Now, introductory-level STEM courses for majors and non-majors is better at representing science as non-linear, even using terms like messy and frustrating. And instructors are emphasizing the focus on the “process” of science, instead of stating that science always and immediately concludes with a “product”.
Below are a few resources that may be useful to share with students as one kicks off the semester and starts talking about how we know what we know.
Science challenges — and changes — what we know. But how does that actually work? Find out how scientists test ideas, search for answers, and build knowledge through @theNASEM’s new page on decoding #science: https://t.co/gU4p4KykTS
— DBASSE (@NASEM_DBASSE) May 26, 2021
In 2020, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM) published a free resource titled Decoding Science. On their website, the resource is described as including “a 90-second explainer on how science works, clear answers to challenging questions, stories from real-life scientists, and quizzes to test students’ learning.” The web page provides links to material that responses to the questions:
- How does science know what it knows?
- What if scientific studies disagree?
- Can I use science to make decisions?
This was a fun site for me to explore, and I appreciate the links to articles that easily describe and support these topics for decoding science.
Visionlearning – Process of Science
This is another great resource that has an incredible depth and breadth of information set up as a library of learning modules that “go beyond facts and dates to examine how we’ve come to understand the concepts, the people who have contributed to our understanding, and the ongoing research that builds our scientific knowledge”. The Visionlearning collection consists of peer-reviewed modules perfect for introductory-level STEM courses, complete with questions, checkpoints, and quizzes for comprehension and understanding for students. The table of contents from the Process of Science module includes the main headings of the introduction, culture of science, ideas in science, research methods, data, and scientific communication.
Produced by the UC Museum of Paleontology of the University of California at Berkeley, the Understanding Science site is another free resource “gives users an inside look at the general principles, methods, and motivations that underlie all of science.” Note that there are materials to support teachers in grades K through college, and a section of resources for teacher educators. Some of the suggested places UCMP suggests starting an exploration of Understanding Science 101 includes the following:
- What is science? Find out what makes science science.
- How does it work? Probe the nuts and bolts of the process of science.
- Why is it important? Learn how science affects your life everyday and how you can apply an understanding of the nature of science in your everyday life.
If there are any other sites you have utilized to help students understand the nature and process of science, please leave suggestions in the comments box below!