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February 24, 2021

HPN4 Glacier, Chile New Lake Forms and Drains in 2021

Glacier dammed lake formation at HPN4 Glacier, Chile between Landsat images of Feb. 2020 and Feb. 2021, yellow arrows indicating new calving fronts on either end of lake.  HPN4 Glacier drains the southern side of NPI just east of Steffen Glacier. The terminus retreated little from 1987-2015, see below (Pelto, 2015 and 2017). The main change is in the eastern tributary 1-2 km north of the terminus. In 1987 there were …


February 17, 2021

Tres Puntas Glacier, Chile Loses 50% of its Length this Century

Tres Puntas Glacier, Chile in 1999 and 2021 Landsat imagery. Red arrow is 1999 terminus location, yellow arrow the 2021 location, Point A is where tributaries joined in 1999 and Point B is where an adjacent glacier drains west. Tres Puntas Glacier flow south from Cerro Tres Puntas draining south into Lago O’Higgins in Patagonia. The icefield is east of the Patagonia icefields where Davies and Glasser (2012) noted the …


December 3, 2020

Soler Glacier Retreat and Lake Expansion

Soler Glacier in 1987 and 2020 Landsat images.  Red arrow indicates 1987 terminus location, yellow arrow indicates 2020 terminus location on north side of glacier.  Yellow dots indicate margin of lake and purple arrows indicate specific locations where glacier thinning is evident. Soler Glacier is an outlet glacier on the east side of the Northern Patagonia Icefield (NPI). The terminus response of this glacier has been slower and more limited …


May 27, 2020

Darwin Glacier, Chile 1986-2020 Retreat Opens New Fjord Arm

Darwin Glacier in Landsat images from 1986 and 2020. Red arrow indicates 1986 terminus location, yellow arrow 2020 terminus location, purple dots the snowline.  Point 1,2 and 3 indicate the same specific location. Darwin Glacier flows east from the main divide of the Cordillera Darwin entering the head of Fjord Parry. Here we examine changes illustrated by Landsat images from 1986-2020.   Melkonian et al (2013) note widespread thinning of four large glaciers …


January 12, 2020

Fiero Glacier, Chile Retreat Lago Fiero Expansion

Fiero Glacier in 1987 Landsat and 2020 Sentinel images.  Red arrow indicates 1987 terminus location, yellow arrow 2020 terminus lcoation, and purple dots the snowline. Point A,B and C represent locations where bedrock has expanded. Fiero Glacier is an outlet glacier draining the northeast quadrant of the Northern Patagonia Icefield (NPI) terminating in Lago Fiero. Loriaux and Casassa (2013) examined the expansion of lakes of the Northern Patagonia Ice Cap. …


April 15, 2019

Northern Patagonia Icefield High Equilibrium Line Altitude in 2019

Northern Patagonia Icefield Landsat view on 4/6/2019. Transient snowline indicated on individual glaciers with purple dots. Clockwise, L=Leones, So=Soler, N=Nef, Ca=Cachet, Co=Colonia,  PN=Pared Nord, PS=Pared Sur, H4=HPN4, St=Steffen, A=Acodado, B=Benito, H1=HPN1, Sq=San Quintin. The Northern Patagonia Icefield from 1987-2015 decreased in area, while debris cover area expanded and the size of proglacial lakes expanded (Glasser et al 2016).  The icefield area declined from 4113 to 3887 km2, debris cover increased …


December 4, 2018

San Quintin Glacier High Calving Rate Observations in 2018

San Quintin Glacier in 4-16-2017 Sentinel image, red dots indicate terminus location then. Yellow dots the terminus location  on 11-10-2018. San Quintin Glacier in 3-20-2018 Sentinel image, pink dots indicate terminus position.  San Quintin Glacier in 11-10-2018 Sentinel image. Yellow dots the terminus location  on 11-10-2018, pink dots from 3-30-2018 and red dots from 4-16-2017.  San Quintin is the largest glacier of the NPI at 790 km2 in .  The glacier …


April 13, 2018

Pico Alto Glacier, Chile Retreat New Lake Formed

Pico Alto Glacier, Chile in 1986 and 2017 Landsat images indicating the retreat.  Red arrow indciates 1986 terminus, yellow arrow the 2017 terminus,and purple dots the snowline.  Pico Alto Glacier, Chile drains north from the Argentina-Chile border entering the Rio Puelo and eventually Lago Tagua. The glacier ongoing retreat is similar to the nearby Hornopiren Glacier and Erasmo Glacier.  Davies and Glasser (2012) mapped the glaciers in the Hornopiren region and found …


March 6, 2018

Rio Engaño, Chile Headwater Glacier Retreat GLOF Threat Drops

Comparison of glaciers at the headwaters of Rio Engaño in 1984 and 2018 Landsat images. The 1984 terminus location with red arrows, yellow arrows the 2018 terminus location, purple arrows wind drift patterns. Rio Engaño drains into Lago General Carrera and its headwaters is a group of alpine glaciers.  In March of 1977 one of the glaciers, generated a glacier lake outburst flood (GLOF) that reached a depth of 1.5 m  at the …


February 19, 2018

Pared Nord Glacier, Chile Retreat & Landslide Transport 1987-2018

Pared Nord Glacier, Chile in 1987 and 2018 Landsat images.  The red arrow indicates the 1987 terminus location, yellow arrow the 2018 terminus location and purple arrows areas of expanding rock in the lower accumulation zone.  Point A is the front of a wide debris zone from a former landslide, Point B is the front of another landslide deposited debris zone. Point C is a recent landslide deposit on a …