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13 February 2019

Mining climate models for seasonal forecasts

A team of scientists has figured out a shortcut way to produce skillful seasonal climate forecasts with a fraction of the computing power normally needed.


1 June 2018

Reconstructing America’s longest water level and instrumented flood record in Boston

By Jan Lathrop Using newly-discovered archival measurements to construct an instrumental record of water levels and storm tides in Boston since 1825, researchers report that local averaged relative sea level rose by nearly a foot (0.28 meters) over the past 200 years, with the greatest increase occurring since 1920. The work also highlights tides and their significant effect on flooding in the city. The evaluation of storm events since 1825 …


6 December 2017

Cartogram maps provide new view of climate change risk

Scientists have developed cartograms — maps that convey information by contorting areas — to visualize the risks of climate change in a novel way.


3 May 2017

High-altitude aircraft data may help improve climate models

New research in Geophysical Research Letters provides the first actual measurements of the chemical, SO2, in the tropical upper troposphere/lower stratosphere—and there’s a whole lot less than some scientists estimated.


4 August 2016

The Geoscience Papers of the Future: a modern publication strategy for data management and scientific publication

Many data used in scientific papers are not accessible by reading the papers, which makes it difficult to understand and reuse. To effectively communicate data results and preserve observations, simulations, and predictions, the Geoscience Papers of the Future was launched in 2015.


20 July 2016

Predicting the export and fate of global ocean net primary production: The EXPORTS

Earth’s carbon cycle is heavily influenced by ecological processes in the ocean. The quantification and understanding of the intricate relationships between carbon dioxide and ocean ecosystems, EXPORTS and what effects these have on the present and future conditions on Earth, is one of the greatest challenges in oceanography. One of the most important aspects that preclude the full understanding of the ocean carbon cycle is the lack of parallel measurements at a global scale; this also hinders our ability to make robust predictions in an uncertain future. The EXport Processes in the Ocean from RemoTe Sensing (EXPORTS) Science Plan was proposed to NASA in order address this knowledge gap. It aims at developing a predictive understanding of the export and fate of global ocean net primary production (NPP) and its implications to the ocean carbon cycle for present and future climates. The goal of this project is to quantify of the mechanisms that control the export of carbon from the euphotic zone as well as its fate in the underlying “twilight zone”.


19 July 2016

Meeting report: 2016 EarthCube All Hands Meeting

More than 130 geoscientists and cyberinfrastructure researchers beat the early June heat wave in Denver by spending their time planning the next stages of the National Science Foundation’s (NSF) EarthCube e-infrastructure project. Attendees of the third annual All Hands Meeting (AHM) represented major geoscience data facilities, hardware and software developers and scientists interested in the digital tools being developed. This year’s AHM marked an important milestone in the EarthCube project: as it approaches its fourth year, EarthCube cyberinfrastructure is coalescing around a number of common themes regarding the handling and sharing of data in the geosciences.


23 June 2016

Can a commons design-pattern lexicon show open-science to its destination?

After more than a decade of discussion and argument, the international open-science effort is looking for a roadmap to that single destination where it can consolidate its gains and allow science to reboot itself as entirely open. Several groups are calling for an integrative scholarly commons, where open-science objects—from ideas to published results—can be grown, shared, curated, and mined for new knowledge.


6 June 2016

Looking at Land Use and Informal Settlement in Dar es Salaam

A new data set from the Urban Spatial Data Collection of the NASA Socioeconomic Data and Application Center (SEDAC) operated by the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) depicts urban land use and informal settlements for the years 1982, 1992, 1998 and 2002 in the city of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.


31 May 2016

GeoDeepDive: Bringing dark data to light

While the internet provides easier access to documents, it does not help manage the millions of publications that are accessible online. Global scientific literature is published so quickly that it is impossible for any one scientist to keep up. This is where GeoDeepDive, an National Science Foundation-funded EarthCube project, can help.


25 May 2016

Flyover Country—The next generation field-based research tool

In December 2015, with the support of a National Science Foundation (NSF) EAGER grant, the Flyover Country (FC) team of Amy Myrbo (University of Minnesota Research Associate), Shane Loeffler (2015 B.S. graduate of the University of Minnesota Duluth), Reed McEwan (University of Minnesota M.S. in Geology and Software Engineering) and Sijia Ai (University of Minnesota), launched FC as a geosciences mobile app for air travelers, road warriors and hikers.


24 May 2016

Scientific Data Manager: A career deserving of better recognition

Within the scientific data lifecycle, from data acquisition, to publication and preservation, the data manager (also known as a data steward) plays an increasingly important and often unappreciated role. This role is growing in importance due to the rapid growth in the volume of data—unlike the funds to manage it—the need for interoperability of these data, the new regulations regarding open access and long-term preservation. Data managers are driven by the dictum and aspiration that well documented, citable and preserved data is an investment in science, one that is critical to future discoveries.


20 May 2016

Data science for collaboration and community-building

Many of us are interested in social networking sites like Facebook. In addition to cat videos and food pictures, it’s a great way to keep up to date and engage with friends. Recently, it’s even become a way to share and engage in science. Yet, there’s another, sometimes overlooked, aspect of social networks that can contribute to better science—analysis of the underlying network itself.


5 May 2016

Changing science culture by contributing to open science

Like other scientific communities, the Earth and space science community has an opportunity to improve.


22 April 2016

Data from the masses: Crowdsourcing and citizen science enhance the scientific process

Witness a landslide, feel an earthquake or observe the first buds of spring? Take out your cell phone and report a data point.


19 April 2016

Standards dramatically advance streamflow and flood forecasting in the U.S. and elsewhere

his is a story about how water data standards, computational hard work, high-performance computing, serendipity and synergy led to an operational capability for nationwide forecasting of streamflow and flooding at high-resolution, in near-real-time. This has been evolving for several years now, but has gone into hyper-drive in just the last couple years.


12 April 2016

The University of Washington’s eScience Institute, a unique environment for geospatial data science education

Earth scientists can choose from an ever-increasing array of datasets when they set out to study our changing planet. Every year, advances in remote sensing and sensor network technologies increase in resolution, streaming data to us on demand, in real time. If you’re like me, you find this new era of discovery exhilarating but also overwhelming. How will I ever find the time to learn the software and cloud technologies needed to keep up with this flow of new information?


18 March 2016

New findings from the New Horizons mission show Pluto is ‘really crazy’

Whether or not you believe Pluto should be called a planet, you should still be awed by the initial findings from the data the spacecraft New Horizons collected during its flyby of the dwarf planet last July. The seven science instruments aboard New Horizons gathered nearly 50 gigabits of data on the spacecraft’s digital recorders. Much of this data is still streaming back to Earth, but preliminary data and observations were published this week in the journal Science.


7 March 2016

Problematics for science leadership in a data-rich, open-science world

Across three and a half centuries the academy has built a solid reputation system that informs credentials for science leadership. As global science moves into an open data-, open-access mode, what changes might occur to this system? In the future how will the academy recognize and reward great scientific works and career achievements?


3 March 2016

Open data: Creating a culture of transparency and reproducibility in science

An article published today in Science urges stakeholders in the field sciences—funders, researchers, publishers and data repositories—to promote open, reproducible science through the sharing of all data and materials. Allowing research results to be replicated and data to be reused fosters innovation, high-quality research and public confidence in science. There are considerable benefits for scientists who make their data open too.