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8 July 2016

Friday folds: Kinkell Braes, Scotland

Friday folds: Kinkell Braes, Scotland

When I took you on a virtual field trip to Kinkell Braes earlier this week, I didn’t mention that the sandstones are folded there, now did I? Let me remedy that omission now: That is a plunging anticline that you could actually take a plunge into: And here’s a syncline to match. Happy Friday. Hope your week was a good one, and that your weekend is even better.

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4 July 2016

Virtual field trip to Kinkell Braes, Scotland

Virtual field trip to Kinkell Braes, Scotland

Walking along the shore east from St. Andrews, Scotland, along the seaside sandstones of Kinkell Braes, you encounter several extraordinary examples of geology. It’s a great place for the next stop on our Grand Tour of the geology of the British Isles. Here’s the scene: The first stop is a giant eurypterid trackway, potentially the largest invertebrate trackway in the world (Whyte, 2005), on the underside of an overhanging sandstone …

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29 June 2016

Trace fossils in sandstone from Barns Ness

Check out this sandstone cobble I saw at Barns Ness – it comes bearing gorgeous trace fossils. Can you spot them? Lens cap for scale in all these photos. The next three are close ups of the burrows from the previous image: Plus two more, from other cobbles I encountered::

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27 June 2016

Small faults in upper Old Red Sandstone, Dunbar, Scotland

Small faults in upper Old Red Sandstone, Dunbar, Scotland

Dunbar, Scotland, is a nice little seaside town that also happens to be the birthplace of the conservationist John Muir. My family and I have been based out of here this week on our European geological GigaPan expedition. But on our first morning, upon visiting Siccar Point (which is nearby), I threw out my back, and spent most of the next two days recuperating. I did manage a short walk …

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16 May 2016

Trace fossils in the Massanutten Sandstone

Trace fossils in the Massanutten Sandstone

Over the weekend, my wife and I took a walk with our son at the Storybrook Trail, an accessible trail with a fine overlook to the east over the Page Valley. There, the Massanutten Sandstone shows a bunch of big beefy trace fossils at this site: both bedding-parallel (Arthophycus-like) and bedding-perpendicular (Skolithos-like) traces. Here’s Bax on a photogenic slab of the quartz arenite, showing the inch-wide bioturbation: A short distance …

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15 March 2016

Timberville

Timberville

Join Callan for a virtual field trip, as he shares dozens of photos from a recent ‘field review’ of a new geological map in Virginia’s Valley & Ridge province. Highlights: graptolites, trace fossils, geopetal structures, folds and faults.

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19 August 2015

Iron oxide sweat stains in sandstone

Iron oxide sweat stains in sandstone

What do a sweaty baseball cap and fractured sandstone have in common? Episodes of absorption of dirty liquids that pile up material such as iron oxide at the soaking front.

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21 May 2015

Soft sediment deformation in sandstone and shale, Bolt Mountain

Soft sediment deformation in sandstone and shale, Bolt Mountain

Two nice new examples of soft sediment deformation structures in Pennsylvanian-aged clastic sedimentary rocks from West Virginia.

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20 May 2015

Liesegang banding in Pennsylvanian sandstones, Bolt Mountain, West Virginia

Liesegang banding in Pennsylvanian sandstones, Bolt Mountain, West Virginia

While out at the eastern section of NAGT’s annual meeting last weekend in West Virginia, I participated in a field trip to look at the stratigraphy of the Bolt Mountain section of Pottsville Group strata. One thing that was particularly eye-catching about the sandstones we saw was that many of them had been stained by rusty groundwater, producing the lovely stripey pattern known as Liesegang banding. Here are five examples: …

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18 May 2015

Spheroidal weathering in sandstone

Spheroidal weathering in sandstone

Here’s a nice example of spheroidal weathering in a sandstone, developed using orthogonal jointing and bedding: This is one of many sites I visited Saturday near Bolt, West Virginia, on a field trip with NAGT’s Eastern Section.

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