14 January 2015

Mountain monitoring system artificially inflates temperature increases at higher elevations

Posted by nbompey

By Leana Schelvan

Snow telemetry (SNOTEL) station near Blazed Alder Creek in northwest Oregon, United States. Credit: Natural Resources Conservation Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture

Snow telemetry (SNOTEL) station near Blazed Alder Creek in northwest Oregon, United States.
Credit: Natural Resources Conservation Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture

In a recent study, University of Montana and Montana Climate Office researcher Jared Oyler found that while the western U.S. has warmed, recently observed warming in the mountains of the western U.S. likely is not as large as previously supposed.

His results, published online Jan. 13 in Geophysical Research Letters, show that sensor changes have significantly biased temperature observations from the Snowpack Telemetry (SNOTEL) station network.

More than 700 SNOTEL sites monitor temperature and snowpack across the mountainous western U.S. SNOTEL provides critical data for water supply forecasts. Researchers often use SNOTEL data to study mountain climate trends and impacts to mountain hydrology and ecology.

Oyler and his co-authors applied statistical techniques to account for biases introduced when equipment was switched at SNOTEL sites in the mid-1990s to mid-2000s. His revised datasets reduced the biases to reveal that high-elevation minimum temperatures were warming only slightly more than minimum temperatures at lower elevations.

“Observations from other station networks clearly show that the western U.S. has experienced regional warming,” Oyler said, “but to assess current and future climate change impacts to snowpack and important mountain ecosystem processes, we need accurate observations from the high elevation areas only covered by the SNOTEL network. The SNOTEL bias has likely compromised our ability to understand the unique drivers and impacts of climate change in western U.S. mountains.”

Co-authors on the paper “Artificial Amplification of Warming Trends Across the Mountains of the Western United States” include UM researchers Solomon Dobrowski, Ashley Ballantyne, Anna Klene and Steve Running.

— Leana Schelvan is the director of communications in the College of Forestry and Conservation at the University of Montana. This post originally appeared as a press release from the University of Montana.