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11 October 2016

Shatter & Shudder Glacier Retreat, British Columbia Lakes Form

Red arrow is the 1985 terminus location and yellow arrow the 2016 terminus location.  Note the formatiion of new lakes at end of both glaciers. Purple dots is the transient snowline in August of each year. Shatter and Shudder Glacier are at the eastern end of the Spearhead Range in Garibaldi Provincial Park, British Columbia. Osborn et al (2007) mapped the Little Ice Age extent of the glaciers compared to …

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22 September 2016

Porcupine Glacier, BC 1.2km2 Calving Event Marks Rapid Retreat

Landsat images from Sept. 2015 and Sept. 2016.  Red arrow is the 1988 terminus and the yellow arrow the 2016 terminus.  I marks an icefall location and point A marks the large iceberg.  Porcupine Glacier is a 20 km long outlet glacier of an icefield in the Hoodoo Mountains of Northern British Columbia that terminates in an expanding proglacial lake. During 2016 the glacier had a 1.2 square kilometer iceberg …

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22 March 2016

Kiwa Glacier Retreat, British Columbia 1986-2015

Kiwa Glacier retreat from 1986 to 2015 in Landsat images.  Red arrow is 1986 terminus and yellow arrow 2015 terminus location. Purple arrow indicates upglacier thinning where more bedrock is exposed.  Purple dots indicate the transient snowline Kiwa Glacier is the longest glacier, at 9 km, in the Cariboo Mountains of  British Columbia.  The glacier drains northwest from Mount Sir Wilfred Laurier and is near the headwaters of the Fraser …

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19 November 2015

Dismal Glacier, British Columbia Prospects Match Name

Landsat image comparison from 1988 and 2015, red arrow indicates 1988 terminus and yellow arrows 2015 terminus. Purple arrows indicate thinning upglacier. Dismal Glacier flows north from Mount Durrand in the Selkirk Range of British Columbia.  It drains from 2500 m to 1950 m and its runoff flows into Downie Creek that is a tributary to the Columbia River and Revelstoke Lake.  This lake is impounded by the BCHydro Revelstoke …

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17 November 2015

Cummins Glacier Fragmentation, British Columbia

  Comparison of the Cummins Glacier from 1986 to 2015.  Purple arrows indicate upglacier thinning and disconnection. Red arrow indicates 1986 terminus position.  Note the lack of snowcover in 2015.  The Cummins Glacier is part of the Clemenceau Icefield Group in the Rocky Mountains of British Columbia. The Cummins Glacier via the Cummins River feeds the 430 square kilometer Kinbasket Lake, on the Columbia River.  The lake is impounded by the 5,946 MW Mica …

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8 October 2015

Yoho Glacier, British Columbia Accumulation Zone Woes

Yoho Glacier in 2005 no accumulation zone in sight. Yoho Glacier is the largest southern outflow draining the south from the Wapta Icefield in the Kootenay region of British Columbia. It flows 6.5 km from the 3125 m to a terminus at 2200 m. The glacier terminus reach is thin, gently sloping  and uncrevassed poised for continued retreat. An exploration of Mount Balfour in 1898 a party led by Professor …

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4 June 2015

Big Bend Glacier, British Columbia Transitions to Alpine lake

“Big Bend” Glacier is an unnamed glacier west of Big Bend Peak north of Harrison Lake in Southwest British Columbia.  In 1985 the glacier was 2.6 km long filling a low valley with a surface elevation of 1600-1800 m elevation, the topographic map indicates this basic size. Here we utilize Landsat imagery to identify the changes in the glacier from 1985-2014 due to climate change. In essence the glaciated basin …

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10 July 2014

Sittakanay Glacier Retreat, British Columbia

Sittankanay Glacier drains the north side of the small icefield that feeds the retreating Wright, Speel and West Speel Glacier. The 10 km long glacier is the headwaters of the Sittkanay River, a tributary to the Taku River. Here we utilize Landsat images from 1984-2013 to identify the recent changes in the glacier. The glacier begins at 2000 m and ends in a lake at 250 m, the terminus has …

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30 May 2014

Haworth Glacier Retreat, Selkirk Mountains, British Columbia

Haworth Glacier in the northern Selkirk Mountains of British Columbia drains into Palmer Creek, which flows into Kinbasket Lake, and then the Columbia River. This glacier is often visited by climbers as the Canadian Alpine Club has a summer base camp near the terminus of the glacier. The glacier has a low slope and limited crevassing that makes it a good training ground for climbing. Menounos et al (2008) noted …

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28 May 2014

Kwadacha Provincial Park Glacier retreat, British Columbia

Kwadacha Wilderness Provincial Park in Northern British Columbia is host to numerous glaciers. Here we focus on an unnamed glacier that drains north into the Kechika River, which joins the Laird River. This glacier straddles both a watershed divide. The map of the glacier indicates the three separate termini of this glacier. Bolch et al (2010) noted that this area of BC lost 15% of its glacier area from 1985 …

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13 February 2014

West Hoboe Glacier Retreat, British Columbia

On the east margin of the Juneau Icefield is a small, compared to other glaciers, 7 km long unnamed valley glacier, here identified as West Hoboe Glacier. Here we use Landsat imagery to identify changes from 1984 to 2013. This glacier is just east of the retreating Hoboe Glacier and Llewellyn Glacier. The glacier flows from 2000 m down to 1250 m and drains into Atlin Lake at the headwaters …

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1 December 2013

Bromley Glacier Retreat, NW British Columbia

Bromley Glacier is the largest outlet glacier of the Cambria Icefield near Stewart, BC. The glacier drains north into the Bear River. Dan Smith and his graduate students of the University of Victoria have been busy searching for fossil wood as it emerges from beneath the rapidly retreating glaciers of British Columbia. They have found numerous pieces from former forest that have emerged in the last decade after being buried …

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27 November 2013

Nass Peak Glacier Retreat, Coast Mountains, British Columbia

“Nass Peak” Glacier is a 5 km long unnamed valley glacier that feeds Coast Mountain Creek and then Nass River. The closest community is Kitsault, BC on the north side of the small icefield from which the glacier originates. Here we examine changes in the is glacier in Landsat imagery from 1986 to 2013. In 1986 the glacier terminated at the red arrow, this is also approximately the mapped terminus …

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19 September 2013

Toby Glacier Retreat, Purcell Range, British Columbia

Toby Glacier is in the Purcell Mountains of southern British Columbia, part of the Purcell Wilderness Conservancy Park. Here we examine retreat of this glacier from 1998 to 2014 using Landsat imagery and Google Earth images. The map image indicates the Little Ice Age advance moraine (LIA_on other imagers) at 1960 m, a lower lake (LL)at 2060 m, an upper lake (UL) at 2280 m, the former ELA at a …

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5 September 2013

Vowell Glacier Rapid Retreat, Bugaboos British Columbia

Vowell Glacier is the largest glacier of the Bugaboo’s or maybe was. The glacier drains to the north into Vowell Creek has retreated quite rapidly from 1998 to 2013 creating a new lake and then retreating from that lake. Here we use a sequence of Landsat and Google Earth images to identify the changes from 1998 to 2013. In 1998 Landsat imagery shows the glacier to be 5.5 km long …

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21 May 2013

Galaxy Glacier Rapid Retreat, Pukulkul Basin Glacier disappears, British Columbia

Over the ridge south from Stave Glacier is a 1.5 km long unnamed glacier, that is on the west flank of Galaxy Peak, hence referred to here as Galaxy Glacier. The glacier is in Garibaldi Provinical Park, British Columbia. Koch et al (2009) in their detailed survey of glaciers in the park chronicled the Park’s glacier retreat from 1952 to 2002. Koch et al (2009) Found that all 45 glaciers …

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10 December 2012

Stave Glacier Retreat, British Columbia

Stave Glacier is a six kilometer long valley glacier in Garibaldi Provincial Park, British Columbia. It is at the headwaters of Stave Lake which is the part of the 205 MW Stave Lake-Hayward Reservoir-Ruskin Dam Hydropower facility. This glacier has retreated at a rate of 100 meters per year from 1996 to 2012. The dams do not have fish passages severely affecting the salmon. Koch et al (2009) in their …

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23 August 2012

Jacobsen Glacier, BC Retreat

Jacobsen Glacier is part of the Monarch Icefield of the Coastal Range of British Columbia. VanLooy and Forster (2008) noted that the glacier retreated at a rate of 30 meters/year from 1974 to 1992 and 47 meters/year from 1992-2000. In this post we examine Landsat satellite imagery from 1992, 1994, 2010 and 2012 to illustrate the changes over the last two decades. There are three readily observable changes. The first, …

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13 January 2012

Washmawapta Glacier Retreat, British Columbia

The West Washmawapta Glacier and Washmawapta Icefield are located in the Vermillon Range in British Columbia. They are in a basin between Limestone Peak and Helmet Peak. The West Washmawapta is a cirque glacier and has been the focus of detailed studies of its dynamics and runoff in recent years. The study of its dynamics (Sanders et al, 2010) measured velocities of 3-10 meters/year, pretty typical for a cirque glacier …

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22 September 2011

Apex Glacier Retreat British Columbia

The Apex Glacier is part of the Clemenceau Icefield Group in the Rocky Mountains of British Columbia. The Apex Glacier drains into 430 square kilometer Kinbasket Lake. The lake is impounded by the 5,946 MW Mica Dam operated by BCHydro. In a recent paper Jiskoot et al (2009) examined the behavior of glacier in this and the neigboring Chaba Icefield. They found that from the mid 1980’s to 2001 the Clemenceau Icefield …

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